anthropology


anthropology
anthropology, ethnology, archaeology are clearly distinguishable sciences, but they are often confused by laymen because the investigations of scholars in these fields are largely concerned with ancient or primitive races. Anthropology is a general term covering many sciences which deal with the physical and cultural evolution of the human species from prehistoric times to the present. One branch of anthropology is ethnology, which is concerned with the origin, development, geographical distribution, and distinguishing character of the human races and often includes comparative cultural studies of existent peoples. Archaeology forms a link between history and anthropology. Its province is the investigation of prehistoric and ancient cultures and civilizations and a study of their material remains (as artifacts, monuments, and traces of agriculture).

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Anthropology — An thro*pol o*gy, n. [Gr. ? man + logy.] 1. The science of the structure and functions of the human body. [1913 Webster] 2. The science of man, including the study of the ditribution of physical and cultural attributes in relation to man s origin …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anthropology — (n.) science of the natural history of man, 1590s, originally especially of the relation between physiology and psychology, from Mod.L. anthropologia or coined independently in English from ANTHROPO (Cf. anthropo ) + LOGY (Cf. logy). In Aristotle …   Etymology dictionary

  • anthropology — [n] study of humans and their culture folklore, sociology; concept 349 …   New thesaurus

  • anthropology — ► NOUN ▪ the study of humankind, especially the study of societies and cultures and human origins. DERIVATIVES anthropological adjective anthropologist noun. ORIGIN from Greek anthr pos human being …   English terms dictionary

  • anthropology — [an΄thrō päl′ə jē, an΄thrəpäl′ə jē] n. [ ANTHROPO + LOGY] the study of humans, esp. of the variety, physical and cultural characteristics, distribution, customs, social relationships, etc. of humanity anthropological [an΄thrəpō läj′i kəl,… …   English World dictionary

  • Anthropology — This article is about the social science. For other uses, see Anthropology (disambiguation). Anthropology Fields Archaeology Biological an …   Wikipedia

  • anthropology — anthropological /an threuh peuh loj i keuhl/, anthropologic, adj. anthropologically, adv. /an threuh pol euh jee/, n. 1. the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs… …   Universalium

  • anthropology — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. science of humans, study of humans, study of culture. Branches of anthropology include: anthropometry, anthropography, anthropogeography, ethnography, ethnology, demography, sociology, prehistoric anthropology, linguistics,… …   English dictionary for students


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